The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT), on 1 September 2010, enforced a real name registration policy for new mobile number subscribers in China, which requires the mobile users to submit a copy of their identity cards when buying a SIM card. The Government also wants to extend the real-name registration policy to existing pre-paid mobile number subscribers in the next few years. This policy is part of MIIT's efforts to prevent spam, pornographic messages and rampant fraud through telecommunication networks. However, at present, there is no explicit legal foundation for this policy in laws or ministry regulations. MIIT claimed that new rules will be disclosed soon to provide more details.

It is worth noting that two months ago on 1 August 2010, the Ministry of Culture enforced a real-name registration policy for participants of online games according to the 'Interim Measures for the Administration of Online Games'. Online gamers must provide their real names, identity numbers and contact information.