The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) has made available its final national climate adaptation strategy. 78 Fed. Reg. 19,514 (4/1/13). The strategy describes current and anticipated climate change effects, such as increased fires and pest outbreaks, invasion by non-native species and wetland losses, on the eight major U.S. ecosystems.

According to FWS, the strategy is intended “to inspire, enable, and increase meaningful action that helps safeguard the nation’s natural resources in a changing climate.” To that end, it identifies its key audience as natural resource management agency leaders, executive and legislative branch governmental leaders at state, local and tribal levels, and “leaders in industries that depend on and can impact natural resources, such as agriculture, forestry, and recreation.” FWS also addresses the strategy to private landowners, whose role the agency describes “as crucial because they own more than 70 percent of the land in the United States.”

The strategy identifies seven major goals: (i) “conserve and connect habitat,” (ii) “manage species and habitats,” (iii) “enhance management capacity,” (iv) “support adaptive management,” (v) “increase knowledge and information,” (vi) “increase awareness and motivate action,” and (vii) “reduce non-climate stressors.”