Turkey is not bound by the greenhouse gas emission limitations under the Kyoto Protocol. Nevertheless, Turkey has taken various actions and implemented a series of legislative modifications to reduce green gas emissions and increase the use of clean and renewable energy resources in various activities, such as manufacturing, heating, waste and transport.
The Ministry has introduced a national climate change action plan for the period between 2011 and 2023, taking into account the UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol, Bali Action Plan and other sources of international consensus in the area of climate change. In terms of legislative framework, the Regulation on Emissions Monitoring introduces procedures for the monitoring, verification and reporting of greenhouse gas emission, and introduces certain concepts such as greenhouse gas emissions, greenhouse gas emission reports and verification entity. Businesses generating greenhouse gas must monitor their emissions levels in accordance with the monitoring plans prepared by the business operator and approved by the Ministry.
The Ministry has also issued the Communiqué on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Monitoring and Reporting for the implementation of the Regulation on Emissions Monitoring, which describes detailed procedures and principles governing the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions.
The Regulation on the Reduction of Ozone Layer Depleting Substances also plays an important role in the fight against climate change. The purpose of this Regulation is to determine the general procedures and principles regarding the use and reduction of substances controlled by the Montreal Protocol on Ozone Layer Depleting Substances, to which Turkey is a party. Finally, the Energy Efficiency Law No. 5627 governs the principles for the promotion of renewable energy, and the development and implementation of energy efficiency.