In Cornucopia Institute v. U.S. Dep't of Agriculture, 884 F. 3d 795 (7th Cir. 2018), the court of appeals affirmed the district court's ruling dismissing the plaintiffs' complaint for lack of standing challenging the appointment by the U.S. secretary of agriculture of purportedly unqualified candidates to the National Organic Standards Board. The court observed that it could not direct the secretary to appoint the plaintiffs to the board even if it required removal of the candidates who they argued are unqualified.