On 18 September 2017, the first-ever annual review of Privacy Shield commenced. The Privacy Shield is the US-EU agreement that enables US companies to transfer European digital data to the US. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and European Commissioner for Justice Vera Jourov gave the opening comments to the two-day review held at the commerce's Washington DC head office.

It is estimated to take a couple of months to compile a report assessing the state of the agreement, which will be considered by the European Commission. Josh Kallmer, Senior Vice President at the Information Technology Industry Council, is positive about the overall success of the review but foresees the possibility of issues coming up, which might include a debate over the legal protections of automated decision.