As part of the biennial review of FCC regulations required by the 1934 Communications Act, the FCC’s International Bureau (IB) issued a report that recommends proceedings to streamline the international Section 214 review process and the elimination of the FCC’s international settlements policy (ISP) on remaining international routes. Under Section 11(a) of the Communications Act, the FCC is required every other year to review regulations that apply to the activities of telecommunications service providers and to determine whether such regulations are “no longer necessary in the public interest as the result of meaningful economic competition between providers of such service.” The IB report, like staff reports compiled by other bureaus and offices throughout the FCC, responds to public comments submitted in connection with the FCC’s most recent biennial review in 2006. Noting that the international telecommunications market between the U.S. and foreign markets is “increasingly competitive,” the IB asserted that the current 14-day review process for streamlined Section 214 requests is “unnecessary.” Accordingly, the IB recommended that the 14-day review period be shortened and that the FCC “consolidate, reorganize, and clarify” rules on international facilities and service authorizations contained in Parts 1, 43, 63 and 64 of the FCC’s rules to “reduce confusion among applicants” and to “create a consistent, cohesive, and logical approach to applying for and maintaining international authority for operations of facilities and provision of international services.” Agreeing with recommendations submitted by AT&T, Sprint-Nextel and Verizon Communications, the Bureau also urged the removal of ISP requirements (under which foreign carriers must offer to all U.S. carriers the same settlement rate offered to any one carrier on the same effective date) on international routes where the ISP remains in effect. In place of the ISP, the Bureau called for rule changes to “improve the process available to the Commission to protect U.S. consumers from the effects of anticompetitive conduct by foreign carriers.”