The European Commission has adopted an agenda for general and business aviation in Europe, following the first study into the sector since the creation of the EU internal aviation market. General and business aviation encompasses a wide range of activities, from recreational aviation to the operation of business jets and specialised aerial works. The Commission observed that, unlike the wider airline industry, the general and business aviation sector comprises diverse entities including small businesses and faces special challenges as air traffic in Europe increases. The Commission’s agenda thus proposes action to integrate the sector into EU air transport policy by improving data gathering, screening legislation to ensure proportionality and integrating general and business aviation into air transport capacity optimisation initiatives.