On 15 September 2011, the General Court annulled a fine of €31.66 million imposed by the European Commission on Koninklijke Grolsch NV (“Grolsch”) for its alleged participation in a cartel between Dutch beer producers (case T-234/07 Koninklijke Grolsch NV v European Commission). The General Court found that the Commission had failed to identify the commercial, economic and organisational links between Grolsch and its subsidiary thereby denying Grolsch the opportunity to rebut the presumption of liability between parent and wholly-owned subsidiary.