On December 31, 2020, the Israeli Ministry of Economy and Industry (MOE) updated the Israeli community of controlled (civilian) exporters that no changes will be implemented to its dual use export control list for the year 2021. This update was in line with the Wassenaar Arrangement’s 2020 Plenary decision (a statement was issued in this regard by the Plenary Chair in December 2020).

As a result, the current dual use export control list will remain in force through the end of 2021 (the list can be found here).

Israel has two main export control regimes: a civilian regime administered by the MOE and a defense regime administered by the Ministry of Defense (this distinction can be likened to the Department of Commerce and Department of State distinction in the US). Israel’s civilian export control regime currently adopts two export control lists: the Wassenaar Arrangement's List of Dual Use Goods and Technologies, as well as a chemical, biological and nuclear-related items list, which, at this point, is a collation of certain control lists published by the Australia Group, Nuclear Suppliers Group and Chemical Weapons Convention.

The MOE’s update only relates to the first of these two export control lists (the dual use list). This list is adopted into Israeli law as-is (with the exception of Category 5(2) on “Information Security”), which means that the annual updates implemented by the Wassenaar Arrangement each December are adopted automatically (and immediately) into Israeli law. Recently, the MOE has tried to ease exporters into the annual changes by offering a grace period before formally requiring compliance with these updates. In 2020, exporters were given a nine-month grace period from the publication of control list updates through October 1 (specific instructions were given to exporters regarding how to handle exports that either entered or fell out of control in light of these changes).