In its recent Speech from the Throne, the government of Canada identified improving the environment as one of its five priorities for the next parliamentary session. In particular, the federal government recommitted to implementing its strategy to reduce Canada’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20% of 2006 levels by 2020 and 60% to 80% of 2006 levels by 2050. To help achieve these reductions, the government reiterated its plan to bring into force regulations that would require large industrial emitters of GHGs to reduce their emissions intensity by 18% of 2006 levels in 2010. In the Throne Speech, the government said it would establish a carbon trading market to facilitate trades in emissions credits under this regime. The government also committed to, among other things, (i) implementing a new water strategy to help clean up major lakes and oceans; (ii) improving access to safe drinking water for First Nations; and (iii) ensuring tougher environmental enforcement. For more information, please see