A report from Bloomberg BNA, based on data collected through May 27, indicates that the average first-year wage increase in union contracts was 1.9 percent, compared with 1.7 percent in the corresponding period of 2012. When lump sum payments were included in the first year wage increase data, the average increases were 2.5 percent and 2.1 percent, respectively. For the construction sector, the average increases were 3.2 percent and 2.8 percent, respectively. For the non-manufacturing sector, excluding construction, the percentages were 3.7 percent for 2013 and 2.9 percent for 2012. Only the manufacturing sector showed a decline, from 3.1 percent in 2012 to 22.8 percent in 2013. (All of the industry figures include lump sums.) The overall statistics may reflect a slight improvement in economic conditions.