The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has ruled that the transatlantic agreement between the Netherlands and the US violates EU law. The European Commission brought the case before the ECJ in 2004 on the grounds that an EU Member State could not conclude such a bilateral agreement because i) it fell within the exclusive competence of the EU, and ii) it could give national carriers an unfair advantage over other Members States' airlines. The ECJ ruling makes the Netherlands the ninth EU Member State to have its bilateral aviation agreement with the US ruled illegal. The judgment is of political rather than legal consequence because a new EU-US aviation deal, which aims at replacing the patchwork of existing bilateral agreements with the US, is set to be signed at the EU-US summit on 30 April 2007.