The U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL’s) Office of Inspector General (IG) has released a report recommending that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) expand the types of employers inspected in the agency’s site-specific targeting program. The site-specific targeting program is an annual inspection program that targets businesses with the highest “days away from work, restricted or transferred” cases. OSHA compiles a list of these businesses after analyzing OSHA Form 300 logs, which are submitted by employers in industries that historically have high injury and illness rates. Under the current program, construction workers, employers in industries that are not considered to be hazardous and worksites with less than 20 workers are exempted.

The report recommends that OSHA expand its targeting program to include employers with 11 to 19 workers. It also recommends that OSHA (i) include the highest risk worksites listed in the agency’s annual OSHA Data Initiative survey, (ii) prioritize and complete inspections of the highest-risk worksites to ensure effective and efficient use of the program, and (iii) complete an ongoing evaluation of the targeting program and start a monitoring effort to evaluate the program’s efficiency on an ongoing basis.