The General Court (the “GC”) handed down 22 judgments in actions brought by the International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers (“CISAC”) and 21 of its collecting society member associations against the Commission's decision of 2008 holding the parties liable for an infringement of Article 101(1) of the TFEU. The Commission had found that the parties had established a concerted practice, in particular, by limiting the collecting societies’ ability to offer their services to authors and commercial users outside their domestic territory. The GC annulled the Commission’s finding of the concerted practice in respect of CISAC and 20 of the collecting societies concerned. The GC considered that the Commission had failed to provide sufficient evidence to show the existence of the concerted practice. According to the GC, the Commission did not have documents proving the existence of concertation between the collecting societies as regards the territorial scope of the mandates which they grant each other. Further, the GC considered that the Commission had not provided evidence showing that it was implausible that the collecting societies’ parallel conduct was not the result of concertation, but rather of the need to fight effectively against the unauthorized use of musical works. However, the CG dismissed the appeals to the extent the parties challenged the Commissions’ decision that membership and exclusivity clauses in the collecting societies’ agreement breached Article 101(1) of the TFEU. As regards the remaining appeal brought by Stim, the Swedish collecting society, the GC found that the plea alleging lack of proof for the concerted practice had not been brought in time and was, therefore, inadmissible and rejected the appeal in its entirety. Source: Commission Press Release 12/4/2013