The OIG has issued two reports on implementation of the ACA health insurance “Marketplaces.” The first report, “Marketplaces Faced Early Challenges Resolving Inconsistencies with Applicant Data,” looked at the extent to which the federal and state health insurance marketplaces ensured the accuracy of information submitted by insurance applicants, including information related to eligibility for premium tax credits and cost sharing reductions. According to the OIG, marketplaces were unable to resolve most data inconsistencies, particularly involving citizenship and income information (although the OIG cautions that inconsistencies do not necessarily indicate that incorrect information was provided or that financial assistance is inappropriate). The report recommends additional planning and oversight to resolve inconsistencies.

A related OIG report questions the effectiveness of internal controls implemented by the federal, California, and Connecticut marketplaces in ensuring that individuals were enrolled in qualified health plans (QHPs) according to federal requirements. In particular, the OIG identified deficiencies in internal controls that could limit the marketplaces’ ability to prevent the use of inaccurate or fraudulent information when determining applicant’s eligibility for enrollment in a QHP.  The OIG recommended steps to verify applicant data, determine enrollment and cost sharing assistance eligibility, and maintain and update enrollment data. 

Finally, the GAO released a report that concentrates on contractor performance related to the Healthcare.gov portal. The GAO points cost increases and delayed system functionality for the federally facilitated marketplace that resulted from CMS’s lack of effective planning, changing requirements and oversight gaps. GAO recommends that CMS take immediate steps to address contract costs, acquisition strategies, and use of oversight tools. In its response to the report, CMS discussed improvements it was making in the management of the Marketplace (including a stronger CMS management structure, an improved structure of Marketplace contracts, and a strengthened acquisition workforce). CMS expressed confidence that “its contractors will deliver the needed capabilities for the 2015 open enrollment period in a timely and cost-efficient manner.”