Thousands of Companies Across Many Industries Are Affected
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) recently approved the much debated "conflict minerals" due diligence disclosure rules originally developed in the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform Act of 2010. The rules, which were adopted on August 22, 2012, require public companies to disclose the use of any conflict minerals that “are necessary to the functionality or production of a product manufactured” or “contracted to be manufactured” by that company.
Public companies, and any company that supplies public companies, will have to engage in due diligence for any minerals in their supply chains. They will also have to be ready and willing to handle public relations exercises to protect and/or promote their brand.
The SEC ruling is likely to have moderate to major impacts on consumer and leading original equipment manufacturer (OEM) behavior. Manufacturers and suppliers need to act fast and thoroughly on the compliance, legal and public affairs fronts in order to be able to bolster their corporate social responsibility credentials and protect their customers, consumers and investors.
The process of determining the presence of conflict minerals in products sold and distributed is complex. While the rule does not ban companies from using conflict minerals, it does force companies to identify, verify and audit the source; outline the chain of custody; and make a public disclosure of use.
Do These Disclosure Requirements Affect Your Company?
The rule impacts thousands of companies — both U.S. and foreign — that file reports with the SEC. Any company whose products intentionally include any amount of tin, tantalum, tungsten or gold will face some level of required due diligence, and may be subjected to consumer scrutiny by consumer groups and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Even private companies that do not file reports with the SEC may need to conduct due diligence, especially if they are suppliers to public companies. Companies that manufacture "in-house," or contract to manufacture any product with these minerals, will be affected. There are several industries using these minerals, including the following:
- information and communications
- food and beverage
- consumer products
- defense and military
- medical devices
- diversified industrial manufacturing across a number of applications and markets
Importantly, the final rule has no exemptions for small- to medium-sized companies, no phase-ins and no de minimis exceptions.
Consequences of Not Complying with the Rules
Given extensive and intricate global supply chains, any company whose products intentionally include any amount of tin, tantalum, tungsten or gold must undertake a due diligence process. While there is no direct enforcement mechanism in the SEC's ruling, companies not undertaking the required due diligence will face mounting pressure from customers, competitors and investors. The rules, in essence, provide consumer groups and NGOs with information to use against a company in a negative public relations campaign. In addition to the SEC's rule, industry groups have begun setting their own standards for conflict mineral due diligence, often mirroring the SEC's rule, and in some cases going a step further. These industry efforts, along with NGOs and consumer groups, will add pressure for companies to comply with the rule and to take necessary steps to strengthen their corporate responsibility.
What Questions Your Company Needs to Ask Today
As a starting point, the following are some questions that are best addressed as soon as possible in order to avoid any negative impact to your company.
Compliance and Regulation
- Does my company produce or contract to produce any products manufactured with tin, tantalum, tungsten or gold?
- Are there exemptions, exceptions and phase-ins in the SEC rule that apply to my company?
- Can we trace these minerals to the exact mine and region of extraction?
- How do we establish a due diligence program that meets the SEC requirements?
- Where do we find an independent auditor who is knowledgeable?
- Are other companies or industries already on top of this issue? Are there lessons learned that our company can benefit from?
- How can my company anticipate new regulations and ensure we are ready for the new and changing reporting standards?
- What does having or not having conflict minerals mean for my investors, customers and consumers? What does it mean for my brand?
- How have my competitors and other companies in my industry reacted to these rules?
- Is this an opportunity to promote my brand?
- How do we effectively use this as part of our ongoing government relations strategy?