The Supreme Court in the past has held that pornographic creations (such as pornographic films) are not literary or artistic creations, and therefore are not protected by copyright.  But the Intellectual Property Court, in a judgment dated March 20, 2014, held that pornographic creations are protected by copyright, as long as such creations are original works.  Moreover, the court held that Taiwan should not exclude pornographic creations from copyright protection because Taiwan is a member of the WTO and should abide by international treaties such as TRIPS.  As to the copyright infringement actions by various Japanese pornographic film companies, the Intellectual Property Court held that there was distribution of copyright-infringing DVDs and those responsible are to be imprisoned for 6 months.