The Ministry of Health issued regulations August 7, 2012, to regulate the collective procurement of Class-A, large-scale medical equipment. The equipment in the Regulations refers to the large-scale medical equipment under the classification of Class A. The nonprofit medical institutions set up by the government at all levels, and state-owned or controlled enterprises, shall participate in the collective procurement. The collective procurement shall be carried out through the following methods: (i) public bidding; (ii) invitation to tender; (iii) competitive negotiation; (iv) single-source procurement; (v) inquiry; and (vi) other methods prescribed in relevant regulations. The regulations also clarify the rules on management, procurement parties, selection of the bidding agent, and expert management, among others.