The revised 457 occupation list has been released by the Department of Immigration and Border Protection, effective 1 July 2017, along with a range of additional requirements for permanent residence applicants and changes to working holiday visas.
Occupations shuffled – new cuts
The new list maintains the distinction between occupations subject to the “Medium and Long term Strategic Skills List” (MLTSSL), eligible for a 4-year 457 visa, and the “Short term Skilled Occupation List” (STSOL), eligible for a 2-year 457 visa.
As of 1 July 2017, the main changes are:
- An additional 12 occupations have been completely removed from the lists, in addition to what was removed on 18 April 2017
- Some occupations have moved from the STSOL to the MLTSSL
- The caveats on some occupations have been revised.
The important occupations of Chief Executive, Managing Director and General Manager have been put on the MLTSSL. Applicants are now eligible for a 4-year visa. This reverses the 18 April changes which left employers only able to offer two-year visas, which were often unattractive to incoming CEOs or MDs.
Accredited Sponsors fast track
Accreditation gives priority processing to 457 nominations and visas. Previously, it was only available for "high volume" sponsors.
From 1 July, "low volume" sponsors will be able to be accredited providing they have minimum turnover of AUD 4 million and have at least 90% Australian staff. Accreditation means priority processing and faster visa grant.
Some skills assessment exemptions have been removed. Formal skills assessment will be required for more trades and more countries.
Mandatory criminal checks introduced
All visa applicants are now required to undergo mandatory criminal checks as part of their application.
Exemption to English test removed
More 457 applicants will have to demonstrate English language capacity through English testing.
The exemption where the applicant’s salary is over $96,400 has been removed. However, employees transferring between a foreign parent company to an Australian arm of the company will not be required to undertake language testing.
Were the changes as expected?
The Department had foreshadowed the above changes, in general terms. However, a number of changes to Employer Sponsored and General Skilled Migration permanent residence were also announced as part of the 1 July changes, which had not been disclosed in advance.
Permanent Employer Sponsorship (ENS and RSMS)
For the Direct Entry (DE), the following changes were made:
- Maximum age of 44 years of age for applicants.
- Removal of exemptions for English testing and skills. Applicants must sit for an English test and obtain a positive skills assessment, regardless of their income.
For the Temporary Residence Transition (TRT), the changes were:
- Higher English requirement: Competent English is required.
- Genuine Position: Employers must now show that there is a genuine need for a paid employee in the position.
General Skilled Migration
All applicants for General Skilled Migration must be under 45 at the date of invitation.
The occupation lists will continue to be subject to 6-monthly review. Caveats on occupations now apply to both the Temporary Work (Skilled) visa (subclass 457) and the Employer Nominated Scheme (subclass 186) – Direct Entry Stream.
Full implementation of the Temporary Skills Shortage (TSS) visa will be complete by March 2018. The TSS visa will include increased English language requirements, stricter labour market testing and a test to ensure employers are not discriminating against Australian workers.
From March next year, employers nominating a worker for a TSS visa will be required to pay a contribution to the Skilling Australians Fund to support additional education and training for Australian workers. Employers must continue to show they are making every effort to employ and train Australians in their businesses.
Business Migration changes from 1 July 2017
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Business Migration changes from 1 March 2018 to be confirmed
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