On Sept. 20, 2012, the European Commission (Commission) entered into a Memorandum of Understanding to strengthen its cooperation with the Chinese antitrust authorities. The signatories to the agreement are the Competition Directorate-General of the Commission (DGCOMP); China’s National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC), which deals with price-related infringements; and the State Administration of Industry and Commerce (SAIC), which deals with non-price-related infringements. China’s Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM), which is responsible for merger control, is not party to the agreement. An existing Competition Policy Dialogue, which was signed in 2004, will continue to be the basis for cooperation between the Commission and MOFCOM in relation to mergers. The new Memorandum of Understanding covers all other areas of competition under China’s Anti-Monopoly Law. It creates a framework for China and the Commission to exchange views on legislative developments, their experiences of enforcement and technical cooperation. The agreement also allows for the exchange of non-confidential information where China and the Commission are pursuing the same or related matters, but confidential information will continue to be protected. The Memorandum of Understanding demonstrates China’s commitment to developing its antitrust enforcement practice following the enactment of its Anti-Monopoly Law in 2007.