The National Low Carbon Fuel Standard Project, a collaboration by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the University of California at Davis, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the University of Maine, Carnegie Mellon University, and the International Food Policy Research Institute released a report, National Low Carbon Fuel Standard: Technical Analysis Report, July 19 finding that a national low-carbon fuel standard along with the congressionally mandated renewable fuel standard would reduce emissions by 4.5 percent, over 3 percentage points more than just the renewable fuel requirements alone. A second report, National Low Carbon Fuel Standard: Policy Design Recommendations, which details how the national program could be implemented, recommended a low-carbon fuel standard that would reduce the carbon intensity of fuels by 10 to 15 percent by 2030.