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Airports

Ownership

What rules govern the ownership of airports (both public and private)?

Airports can be owned publicly or privately or partly public and partly private.

Operation

(What is the authorization procedure for the operation of airports?)

What ongoing operating requirements apply (including obligations relating to safety, security and facilities maintenance?

Under the Air Traffic Act, the construction and operation of an airport is subject to the permission of the relevant authority. Environmental law and construction law requirements must be taken into account.

Airport charges

What airport charges apply and how are they regulated?

Airport charges for the use of airport equipment and services are determined by the relevant airport operator in a schedule of charges. Under the Air Traffic Act, the schedule must be approved by the competent authority.

Approval is granted if the charges in the schedule are ruled in a transparent, appropriate and non-discriminatory way.

Access

What regulations govern access to airports?

N/A

Slot allocation

What regimes govern the allocation of airport slots (including slot transfer, revocation an disputes?

  • Airport coordination is based on EU law.

  • The following airports are coordinated as per EU Regulation 95/1993:

  • Berlin (Schonefeld and Tegel);

  • Bremen;

  • Dresden;

  • Düsseldorf;

  • Erfurt;

  • Frankfurt/Main;

  • Hamburg;

  • Hannover;

  • Cologne/Bonn;

  • Leipzig/Halle;

  • Munich;

  • Munster/Osnabrück;

  • Nuremberg;

  • Saarbrucken; and

  • Stuttgart.

Slots are allocated by Airport Coordination Germany, which is an independent non-profit organisation financed by German airlines and airports.

Ground handling

How are ground handling services regulated?

Ground handling services are regulated by the Ground Handling Services Regulation, implementing EU Directive 96/67/EC.

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