On January 17, 2020, the Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) issued a new Practice Notice detailing changes to extension of time requests for responding to examiner’s reports. This is the first Practice Notice issued by CIPO since the amendments to Canada’s Trademarks Act came into force last June.
Under the previous practice, an applicant was generally entitled to one extension of time, up to a maximum of six months, to respond to an examiner’s report so long as the request was ‘justified’ with a reason. Under the new practice, exceptional circumstances will be required to justify any request for an extension of time for any Examiner’s reports issued on or after January 17, 2020.
However, CIPO has also expanded on the examples that could amount to exceptional circumstances that would justify an extension of time. The full list of examples provided by CIPO includes:
- Trademark Agent – A recent change in trademark agent;
- Circumstances Beyond the Control of the Person Concerned – Circumstances such as illness, accident, death, bankruptcy, or other serious and unforeseen circumstances;
- Transfer – Transfer of an application or registration that would overcome a confusion objection;
- Opposition – A cited confusing trademark is the subject of a pending opposition proceeding;
- Section 45 – A cited registration is the subject of a pending non-use cancellation proceeding;
- Official Mark – The applicant is in the process of negotiating the consent from the holder of an official mark;
- Divisional of a Protocol Application – The applicant has filed a request for the division of an international registration and is waiting for notification that a divisional international registration has been created;
- Substantive Objections – An objection was raised which could lead to a refusal related to registrability, entitlement, or distinctiveness; and
- Evidence of Distinctiveness – The applicant requires additional time to compile sufficient evidence to show the trademark was distinctive as of the filing date.
With respect to requests relating to substantive objections and compiling evidence of distinctiveness, an applicant may request an extension for either reason only once during the entirety of the prosecution of the application. Under the old practice, a request for an extension of time was generally granted per Examiner’s report, regardless of the type of objection raised.
An overview of the changes, as they relate to common objections raised by Examiners, is provided in the table below:
*An additional extension of time based on exceptional circumstances may be available if the applicant plans to file evidence of distinctiveness in response to the objection raised.
Applicants should make note of these changes to ensure responses to Examiner’s reports are filed in a timely manner absent exceptional circumstances justifying an extension of time.