On 1 March 2011, the Commission conducted unannounced raids at the premises of several companies active within the e-book (electronic or digital books) industry to collect evidence in relation to suspected breaches of EU competition law prohibiting cartels and other restrictive business practices. The Commission was accompanied by their counterparts from the relevant national competition authorities. The investigation is expected to focus on the e-book sellers’ pricing arrangements with publishers, in particular the use of an “agency model” pricing structure under which publishers establish the price at which retailers sell. Press sources report that French publishers Hachette Livre, Gallimard, Flammarion and La Martinière have confirmed their premises were inspected. In the UK, the Office of Fair Trading has also been carrying out an investigation into this sector.