On January 28, 2020, the Department of Justice (DOJ) filed two complaints in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York against five entities and three individuals, alleging that they knowingly carried millions of fraudulent robocalls originating in foreign countries (predominantly India) despite repeated warnings. The DOJ argues that these actions constitute wire fraud. This is the first time the DOJ has targeted service providers (or “gateway carriers”) in an enforcement action of this type. Previously, the Department’s sole focus was on the individuals and entities initiating fraudulent robocalls. Both complaints seek injunctive relief from the Court that, if granted, would prevent the entities and their owners from providing service to call centers and would suspend their use of toll free numbers issued under the Toll Free Service database.