On September 12, the Senate Judiciary Committee held a hearing entitled, "The Citizens United Court and the Continuing Importance of the Voting Rights Act." Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-VT) and other committee Democrats renewed their harsh criticism of the Supreme Court for the Citizens United decision and derided the influence of outside and corporate money in campaigns. The hearing also focused on voting laws passed at the state level whose supporters - generally Republicans - contend are necessary to prevent voting fraud, and have been criticized - generally by Democrats - as a form of voter suppression targeted at certain demographic groups. The hearing was not widely attended and Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA) was the only Republican present. While not expected to lead to legislative action in the near future, the hearing allowed Republicans and Democrats to assert their positions on this issue in advance of the November elections. New voter ID laws have been passed in a number of states since 2008, chiefly in states in which Republicans control the legislature and/or the office of governor. It remains unclear what impact they will have; the laws vary from state to state, and several are under court challenge. In the presidential race, the new laws could be important in closely contested swing states like Virginia, Ohio, and Florida, even if their impact on the number of votes cast is limited.