In its twelfth report of Session 2009/10, the European Union Committee notes that piracy in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean is a serious and ongoing threat to UK and EU interests. States the EU’s Operation Atalanta has made a strong contribution to combating piracy, however there are a number of areas that require action. The Committee recommends: more surveillance aircraft for the Atalanta fleet; provision of a tanker so Atalanta vessels do not have to return to port to refuel; that the EU should insist that the World Food Programme (WFP) charter faster, larger and more modern vessels; that it should be a condition of the award of a WFP contract that, when requested, the flag state allow these vessels to carry Atalanta military forces on board; military personnel placed on commercial shipping should be given specialised training; and the insurance industry do more to ensure that commercial shipping transiting the area complies with tried and tested procedures to reduce the risk of capture by pirates, and that it should impose increased insurance premiums on ship operators who do not comply. The Committee agrees with the increasingly robust action taken against pirates by Atalanta forces and welcomes the EU’s agreements and ongoing negotiations with countries to prosecute pirates. States there will be no solution to the problem of piracy without a solution to the root causes of the conflict on land in Somalia, and expresses support for the EU’s efforts to deal with Somalia’s problems by building up the security sector, providing humanitarian assistance and assisting the authorities to strengthen their coastguards. Concludes that if the piracy problems is not robustly tackled, there will be copy-cat piracy elsewhere on the world’s shipping lanes adjacent to failed states or regions where a government’s writ fails to reach.