The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications has issued draft amendments to the Chemicals Act, pending approval. These relate to transposition of an EU directive and are aimed at reducing and preventing suspicious transactions with explosive materials. Besides explosives manufacturers, these amendments concern fertiliser, metal and other industries which also use explosives precursors.
According to the draft, persons who do not need chemicals in their economic or professional activities may only acquire and store chemicals that are available in the retail trade and must store and handle these chemicals so as to avoid any hazard to the person storing or handling the chemicals, or to other persons or property or the environment. This means that both natural and legal persons may no longer acquire or store chemicals available in the wholesale trade except for use in economic or professional activities.
Another significant amendment is a ban on cash transactions with compounds containing explosives precursors in concentrations exceeding the limits set out in Annex I of Regulation (EU) No 98/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council. According to Annex I of the Regulation, these include nitrogen hydrogen peroxide, nitromethane, nitric acid, potassium chlorate, sodium chlorate, potassium perchlorate and sodium perchlorate. Furthermore, wholesale traders of compounds exceeding concentration limits set out in Annex I of the Regulation must file an economic activity notice for the wholesale trade in line with the General Part of the Economic Activities Code Act which entered into force on 1 July 2014 (Section 16 (3) and (4) of the draft).