In March 2014, health insurance provider AvMed settled a nationwide class action stemming from the theft of two unencrypted laptops holding the personal information of 1.2 million customers. However, the class included only customers who had not experienced identity theft as a result of the breach. In this individual action, Joseph Perea alleges that as a result of the AvMed data breach, someone filed a fraudulent tax return under his name and two others made unauthorized purchases with his check card. He brings claims for negligence, breach of contract, breach of implied contract, and unjust enrichment.