Effective June 29, 2009, USCIS began to accept premium processing requests for I-140 Immigrant Petitions filed in the EB-1 Extraordinary Ability, EB-1 Outstanding Researcher and Professor, EB-2 Member of Professions with Advanced Degrees or Exceptional Ability (not seeking a national interest waiver), and EB-3 Basic Degree Professional or Skilled Worker categories. For many foreign nationals seeking permanent resident status, an employment-based I-140 Immigrant Petition approval is necessary before they can advance permanent resident status.

Premium Processing Service is not available for the EB-1 Multinational Executives and Managers and EB-2 National Interest Waiver categories. Under the USCIS Premium Processing Service, USCIS guarantees that for an additional $1,000 premium processing fee it will issue an Approval Notice or, where appropriate, a notice of intent to deny or a request for evidence, or it will open a fraud investigation within 15 calendar days of receipt of the Premium Processing request.