The U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) has released the first of two reports concerning digital trade in products and services that are delivered via digital networks both in the United States and abroad. The 300-page report also examined the barriers to cross-border trade for U.S. companies.
- Forced localization rules have compelled companies to conduct certain digital trade-related activities within a country's borders. For example, these localization rules may require data servers to be located in-country, require local content, and establish government procurement preferences and technology standards that favor local digital companies.
- Online censorship of digital content and platforms is "pervasive and growing," according to the ITC report, with China and Vietnam's content review systems identified as particularly onerous.
- Piracy - Representatives of the software, music, movies, literature, and video games industries identified internet piracy as the single most important barrier to digital trade for their industries.
- Privacy - All digital industries reported that requirements for data privacy and protection impose substantial costs to their business operations, particularly for small and medium-sized enterprises.