President Obama signed into law the Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA), which creates a private civil cause of action for trade secret misappropriation. The DTSA amends the Economic Espionage Act, which had only allowed for criminal prosecutions for trade secret theft. Among other things, the new law authorizes a trade secret owner to file a civil action in federal district court for relief from trade secret misappropriation related to a product or service in interstate or foreign commerce. It allows courts to grant injunctive relief for actual or threatened misappropriation of trade secrets. It also allows for monetary damages, which include actual loss and unjust enrichment; exemplary damage of no more than twice the monetary damages in cases of willful or malicious misappropriation; and attorney fees. The law will help to harmonize existing civil remedies for trade secret laws, which currently exist in most states.