On 28 July 2009, the Court of Appeal (CA) rejected an appeal by Bookmakers' Afternoon Greyhound services & others claiming that arrangements amongst racecourses for the sale and licensing of media rights amounted to an abuse of Article 81(1) EC Treaty. The CA upheld the initial judgment of the High Court in finding that the arrangements did not have an anti-competitive object or effect. Rather, the CA found that the arrangements had the legitimate aim of establishing a competing broadcaster into a market which previously had only one incumbent. The Court said that "There cannot be an agreement whose object…is to restrict competition, if at the relevant time, there is no competition to restrict".