On 5 April 2011, United States Trade Representative (USTR) Ron Kirk stated that he would not agree to a trade-off with China that would allow the importation of Chinese apples into the United States in exchange for American access to China’s beef market. The USTR’s declaration followed a hearing before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce Justice, Science, and Related Agencies in which Representative Frank Wolf (R-VA) cautioned the USTR on concerns over China’s compliance with sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) standards and the risks that may be present in Chinese produce imported into the United States. Kirk emphasized that the United States is not willing to yield with respect to SPS standards and that it expects everyone to comply with such internationally accepted standards.