A long list of health care associations - including the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Medical Association, and others - that comprise the Graduate Medical Education (GME) Advocacy Coalition has offered support for recently introduced Congressional legislation, the Resident Physician Shortage Reduction Act.

The Medicare program subsidizes a portion of physician residency training costs incurred by teaching hospitals through both direct GME payments and indirect medical education payments, and the new legislation would expand the physician workforce by increasing the number of Medicare-supported GME residency positions available for the support over a seven-year period.

The new legislation is sponsored in the House by Reps. Terri Sewell, John Katko, Tom Suozzi and Rodney Davis; and the sponsors in the Senate are Senators Robert Menendez, Charles Schumer and JohnBoozman.

"We are grateful that bipartisan congressional leaders worked together to provide 1,000 new Medicare-supported GME positions in the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 – the first increase of its kind in nearly 25 years. The Resident Physician Shortage Reduction Act of 2021 would build on this historic investment by gradually raising the number of Medicare-supported GME positions by 2,000 per year for seven years, for a total of 14,000 new slots."