The UK had been due to leave on 29 March 2019, two years after it started the exit process by invoking Article 50 of the EU’s Lisbon Treaty. But the draft withdrawal agreement reached between the EU and UK has been rejected three times by UK MPs. The EU and UK have agreed a further delay to Brexit until 31 October 2019. The UK could leave earlier if a withdrawal agreement has been ratified by MPs. The country must now take part in European elections on 23 May.

The government is still committed to trying to leave the EU with a deal as soon as possible. But if the compromise plan does not yield results, several options could arise including:

  1. Leaving without a deal
  2. Major renegotiation
  3. Another referendum
  4. Call a general election