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At the beginning of each year, the minimum wage, severance payments and administrative fines prescribed by the Labour Act are revised. On 1 January 2020 the changes for 2020 came into effect.
In 2019 the monthly minimum wage rate was TL2,558.40 (gross). As of 1 January 2020, this has increased to TL2,943.00 (gross). The new rate applies from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020.
The minimum wage applies to all employees, regardless of age, industry and experience. The only exceptions concern the coal and lignite mining industries, where the minimum wage must equal at least twice the regular rate (ie, the monthly minimum wage for coal and lignite miners is TL5,886 (gross)).
Subject to several conditions, employees are entitled to a severance payment of one month's salary for each year of service on the termination of their employment. The government determines a ceiling for such payments on a six-month basis. From 1 January 2020 to 30 June 2020, the maximum severance payment has increased from TL6,379.86 (gross) to TL6,730.15 (gross). The next adjustment to the maximum severance payment will be made on 1 July 2020.
Several administrative fines are regulated under the Labour Act, including fines for a failure to:
- ensure the equal treatment of employees;
- pay the minimum wage;
- hire disabled persons; or
- follow collective redundancy procedures.
Administrative fines are also revised once a year. Compared with 2019, the rate of administrative fines in 2020 has increased by 22.58%.