School districts brought a case in state court against their insurers, alleging that the insurers’ withdrawal of funds from the federal Early Retiree Reinsurance Program (ERRP) on the school district’s behalf was improper under the ERRP’s scheme. Despite the plaintiffs’ assertion of only state common law claims for conversion, civil theft, unjust enrichment, and breach of fiduciary duty, the defendants removed the case to federal court as implicating a federal question. On plaintiffs’ motion to remand back to state court, the court analyzed plaintiffs’ allegations and determined that, notwithstanding that the legal claims were alleged under state law, meeting the elements of those claims required the court to interpret the ERRP and related federal regulations to determine whether the defendants’ withdrawals were proper. The court then determined that, because the case would entail a “substantial and disputed federal issue,” and because federal jurisdiction over the case would not create “a potentially enormous shift of traditionally state cases into federal court,” federal jurisdiction was proper. In reaching this conclusion, the court found that the lack of a right to a private right of action under the ERRP was a relevant factor, but did not require remand. Hartland Lakeside Joint No. 3 School District v. WEA Insurance Corp., Case No. 2:12-cv-00154 (USDC E.D. Wisc. Apr. 24, 2012).