Discipline and termination

State procedures

Are there state-specific laws on the procedures employers must follow with regard to discipline and grievance procedures?

Colorado has no law governing private employers with regard to discipline and grievance procedures.

At-will or notice

At-will status and/or notice period?

Colorado is an at-will state.

What restrictions apply to the above?

The at-will status may be modified by an express or implied contract and Colorado recognizes certain public policy exceptions to the at-will employment relationship including violation of public policy (e.g., whistleblowing), wrongful constructive discharge, fraudulent inducement, or any other unlawful reason (e.g., discrimination).

Final paychecks

Are there state-specific rules on when final paychecks are due after termination?

When an employee is terminated by the employer, all earned wages (including accrued but unused PTO) are due immediately if the accounting unit is operational. If the accounting unit is not scheduled to be operational, pay is due no later than six hours after the start of the unit’s next regular working day. If the unit is offsite, then wages are due no later than 24 hours after the start of the accounting unit’s next regular working day (C.R.S. §8-4-109). When an employee resigns or quits their employment, all earned wages (including accrued but unused PTO) are due by or on the next regular payday (C.R.S. §8-4-109).