Directive 2009/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 establishing the fundamental principles governing the investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector and amending Council Directive 1999/35/EC and Directive 2002/59/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council was published on the 28th of May 2009. The Directive is aimed at improving maritime safety and preventing pollution from ships thus reducing the risk of future maritime casualties. This is to be achieved by facilitating the expeditious holding of safety investigations and the proper analysis of marine casualties and incidents in order to determine their cause, and by ensuring the timely and accurate reporting of safety investigations and proposals for remedial action. The Directive enters into force on the 17th of June 2009 and its provisions must be implemented by member states by the 17th of June 2011.