Over the past few years, there have been a series of consultations both at the UK and EU level on further measures to improve enforcement of competition law, including the use of private actions. Private action before the courts is intended to complement public enforcement measures. On 26 November 2007, the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) published its recommendations to the UK Government on how to improve the system of redress for consumers and business that have suffered damage as a result of breaches of competition law. The recommendations include the use of representative bodies to bring both stand-alone and follow-on actions for damages and injunctions. However it is recognised that further consultation, on the procedures for identifying classes of plaintiffs, is necessary. It is proposed that the level of damages should be available on a restitutionary basis (rather than a punitive one). The OFT has also made recommendations on costs and funding arrangements.