In its newly published ‘UK Digital Strategy’, the UK Government has laid out its vision to digitally transform Britain through a long term plan of investment, training, education, and collaboration with the private sector.
Amidst the optimism however, there are concerns that the strategy overlooks fundamental issues impacting the UK digital sector – crucially, immigration.
The current stance on Immigration
To realise its manifesto pledge to reduce net migration, the Government has introduced a waive of changes to the Immigration Rules.
The Government is currently seeking to “incentivise” UK employers to recruit from overseas only for roles that the domestic market is unable to fill.
But how does this protectionist stance reconcile with recognised skills shortages in UK sectors such as tech?
Tech sector & foreign talent
According to Parliament’s ‘Digital Skills Crisis’ report, the UK tech sector is suffering shortage of domestic digital talent.
In recognition, some immigration policy concessions have been made for the tech sector, notably inclusion of some roles on the Shortage Occupation List and a limited number of Tier 1 Exceptional talent visas are open to tech sector applicants.
However, figures for take up of the exceptional talent visa show low rates of take up. This may be a result of low levels of awareness or it may be indicative of the UK tech struggling to attract the necessary talent from overseas.
There is certainly concern among UK digital companies that in practice, these concessions do not go far enough when set against the broader clamp-down on recruiting from overseas, and the ambitions for the tech sector to signifiantly contribute to the UK’s economic growth.
So while the Government looks ahead with the new strategy through training, education and private sector initiatives, tech employers have to face talent issues today. They have to meet customer demand now. They have to remain competitive already.
And the fact remains, the Government has acknowledged a dearth in domestic talent and the need for more entrepreneurs.
This is further compounded by Brexit. A recent CIPD survey suggested EU workers were considering leaving the UK ahead of formal Brexit. It is not a huge leap to suggest this will also impact tech companies.
An attractive state?
The ambition to take on world-class hubs such as Silicon Valley can surely only be achieved if Britain is able to benefit from world-class talent.
Which means the UK has to be an attractive and welcoming proposition to overseas talent.
Is it short-sighted to consider that the Digital Strategy, operating in isolation and focused solely on domestic capabilities, will attain that global competitive edge?
According to the Center for Entrepreneurs and DueDil, over a quarter of tech workers are non-British. Positive discrimination in favour of domestic labour goes against the inherently global nature of tech.
For example, recent upheaval in American immigration policy could see US tech giants looking to increase their overseas footprint. In which case, to what extent is the UK tech sector seen as being ‘open for business’ in welcoming foreign talent that brings such outside investment and contribution?
Digital talent is in demand across the globe. As individuals, digital workers are not without opportunities or choices. The competition for talent is fierce, and it goes beyond tech – financial services and other industries pursuing digital transformation strategies driven by IoT, AI, VR etc. These are all fields where, according to Digital Skill Crisis report, the UK currently falls short. Also to be added to the list is linguistic skills.
Fundamentally, If recruitment is about sourcing candidates that has the required skills, competencies and experience for the role in question.
The fine line is being tread, placing arbitrary requirements on recruitment – for example, that only those applicants of a particular race or nationality should apply – would be discriminatory.
Recruiting for your future
With the impact of Brexit on the future of the UK’s tech sector unclear, and the threat of an exodus of European talent, tapping into the global market for talent has become the only option to redressing where the local labour market has failed to satisfy the recruitment needs.
Out of Brexit, it is expected that there will be some form of additional burden on employers and employees to hire EU workers.
Tech companies should be considering now their options for future recruitment strategies.
Tech start-ups for example, may be undergoing the process of recruiting from abroad on a small-scale – for the time being. Think ahead in terms of meeting your growth ambitions. There is a real benefit here in not having to deal with legacy or outdated systems. Building on a greenfield site, you can lay solid foundations for future growth ambitions.
Ensuring you have a robust stance to business immigration now will enable you to take a more considered and controlled approach to hiring from overseas, ensuring the right systems are in place that meet your commercial needs and safeguard compliance with your immigration duties.
The Home Office is now putting corporate employers under the microscope, with any instance of non-compliance – however minor or technical – resulting in a civil penalty of up to £20,000 per illegal employer. Unannounced site inspections are also becoming common.
Put simple, the more you hire, the more burden there is on you to remain compliant, and avoid Home Office scrutiny. You have to have their house in order.
For tech companies looking to expand overseas, considerations also need to be made for enabling movement and assignment of employees between offices and countries. Which is where a formal global mobility programme come into its own.
The question remains, immigration policy help or hinder tech sector growth? While labour market protectionism and enforcement is being driven by political agenda, how can tech companies plan for future growth against an uncertain recruitment environment?