The U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) issued a guidance memorandum announcing that it will no longer require offsite compensatory mitigation for the approval of projects on federal public lands. Project proponents may still offer voluntary compensatory mitigation but BLM may not “explicitly or implicitly suggest” that mitigation is required for project approval. Instead, BLM will focus on ensuring environmental protections at the project site. BLM stated that the Federal Land Policy and Management Act does not authorize BLM’s historic compensatory mitigation practices and cited a 1995 internal legal analysis that compared the practice to “thinly veiled blackmail” which was “offensive to fundamental notions of fairness and administrative law.” The memo explained that BLM’s compensatory mitigation practices have, at times, lacked any clear nexus between the mitigation and the public lands at issue but that project proponents had no means to resist demands for compensatory mitigation. The memo does not effect compensatory mitigation requirements by other agencies, such as the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.