11 air cargo carriers were fined €799,445,000 for operating a worldwide cartel coordinating prices over a period of six years. According to the European Commission, the carriers initially contacted each other to discuss issues concerning fuel surcharges and agreed a flat rate for all shipments. Subsequently, the cooperation extended to security surcharges and a joint refusal to pay a commission on surcharges to freight forwarders. In a statement issued on 9 November 2010, the Commission indicated that the participants fined included Air Canada, Air France-KLM, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Cargolux, Japan Airlines, LAN Chile, Martinair, SAS, Singapore Airlines and Quantas. Lufthasnsa (and its Swiss subsidiary) received full immunity from fines for blowing the whistle on the cartel arrangements. All the carriers received a reduction of fines to take into account sales outside the EEA.