As anticipation about the Obama Administration’s regulatory policy has swelled in the wake of President Obama’s reelection, the federal Departments of Health and Human Services, Labor, and Treasury on Nov. 20, 2012 released rules that propose to implement critical provisions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the 2010 federal health reform law. Issued in three separate rules that respectively address health insurance plan benefit requirements, insurance market reforms, and employer-provided wellness programs, the rules promise to have a significant impact on insurers, providers, state governments, and consumers, all of whom are likely to influence the development of the rules from proposed to final form.

Intended to aid consumers as they look for non-grandfathered private health insurance options in the individual and small group markets, the rule on essential health benefits, actuarial value, and accreditation standards seeks to promote consistency across health plans by requiring that health insurance plans include certain categories of essential health benefits (EHB), such as ambulatory patient services and prescription drugs. As insurance regulation generally falls under the jurisdiction of state governments, the rule provides states with significant flexibility in defining EHB. Under the rule, states are to select a benchmark plan from various listed options (e.g., the largest plan by enrollment in any of the three largest products in the state’s small group market), and all plans including EHB must offer benefits that are substantially similar to the benefits offered by the benchmark plan. If a state does not select a benchmark, HHS will set the default benchmark plan. The rule also contains a number of provisions to prevent discrimination against consumers.

Additionally, the rule outlines standards related to the determination of actuarial value (AV), which refers to the percentage of total average costs for covered benefits that a plan will cover, and proposes a timeline for when insurers offering coverage in a federal or state partnership exchange must become accredited. In 2014, non-grandfathered health plans in individual and small group markets must meet certain AV levels.

The rule on health insurance market requirements aims to complement these requirements by implementing major structural reforms. Among other things, the rule would generally require insurers to accept every individual or employer who applies for coverage in the individual or group market, and require insurers to renew all coverage in such markets. Additionally, the rule would allow insurers in the individual and small group markets to vary premiums based only on limited factors, such as age and tobacco use, and within restricted ratio limits.

Finally, the rule on incentives for nondiscriminatory wellness programs in group health plans endeavors to promote employer-sponsored wellness programs designed to incentivize employees to develop healthy behaviors while protecting against consumer discrimination in such programs. For programs that require individuals to meet a specific standard related to their health to obtain a reward—for example, programs that reward individuals who do not use or stop using tobacco products—the rule specifies requirements governing program design, participation, and reward size.