Since April 1, 2015, the Japan Patent Office ("JPO") has been accepting applications for certain new types of trademarks, including those consisting of sounds and colors in accordance with the Trademark Act as amended in 2014. Recently, the JPO accepted the registration of sound trademarks consisting only of musical elements such as melody, harmony, rhythm, tempo and tone (i.e., sound trademarks containing no language elements) for the first time. Any company using distinctive sound marks as part of its business may want to consider registering such trademarks as a way of enhancing its brand.