The European Commission has announced that it is to carry out a “health check” into the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). This will consist of consulting the agricultural sector and community at large on three central questions: (i) how to make the direct aid system more simple and effective; (ii) how to make the market support instruments more relevant to a significantly enlarged European Union; and (iii) how to confront new challenges such as fighting climate change, managing water more efficiently and preserving biodiversity. In spring 2008, the Commission is expected to announce legislative proposals that it hopes will be adopted by agriculture ministers by the end of 2008.