Addressing the International Governance Forum in Kenya on Monday, European Commission (EC) Digital Agenda Vice President Neelie Kroes called for a “globally coherent” approach to Internet governance that takes into account the needs and expertise of multiple stakeholders in both the private and public sectors. Stressing that the European Union (EU) has been guided by a “compact for the Internet” that is founded on transparency, civic responsibility, the promotion of democracy, and “inspiring confidence,” Kroes recommended the adoption of a “multi-stakeholder approach” that recognizes “different actors have different fields of expertise and responsibility that must be respected, and due weight must be given accordingly.” Kroes further maintained that “public authorities have a particular role, indeed a particular obligation, to deal with public policy matters, off and online,” as the risk of any approach involving multiple stakeholders “is that lobbyists hijack decision making, that private vested interests trump the public interests, and that some put themselves above the law.” Though denying that a search for global Internet principles constitutes “an attempt to regulate the Internet,” Kroes said that “as the net becomes an ever more structural part of our economic and social framework, so grows the case for public authorities to take a role [that is] modest but not inactive.” Asserting, “if the Internet is to fulfill its glorious potential, public authorities must support and protect it, but not kill it,” Kroes argued that “regulation is only ever a last resort, and even then, keyhole surgery rather than amputation.”