Failed cartelists Prym and Coats, which this month had their appeals against a previous cartel fine largely rejected by the Court of First Instance (see above), were this month sent down once again for their participation in a different cartel. On 19 September the European Commission fined the two companies, together with five others, for having operated four distinct cartels in the fasteners and attaching machines industry. YKK, Prym and Coats received the bulk of the euro 328 million penalty. Fasteners include items such as zips in clothes and footwear. Prym's fine of euro 40 million had been significantly reduced due to its cooperation with the Commission, perhaps an indication of lessons learnt by the company from its previous brush with the law. Neelie Kroes condemned the violation saying, "The highest management of these companies was well aware that this conduct was illegal, but decided to continue anyway."