On August 31, 2010, the California Senate defeated a bill that would have banned the use of bisphenol-A, or BPA, in baby bottles, sippy cups, and infant formula packaging. BPA is found in a wide variety of consumer products, and is used in the manufacture of polycarbonate baby bottles and the epoxy linings of food and beverage cans. Senate Bill 797, sponsored by State Democratic Senator Fran Pavley, would have banned BPA from baby bottles and sippy cups for children aged 3 and under by the beginning of 2012, and from infant formula packaging by July 2012. Several other states, including Maryland, Minnesota, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Washington, have enacted laws limiting or banning BPA in products used by small children, as have several countries. Many other state and local governments are currently considering similar restrictions.